Traditionally there’s meaning behind the colors and patterns of Ghanaian beads. For example, green beads will represent a sense of hope, natural beauty, and growth, while white beads represent purity, happiness, and victory.
Different types of beads have unique names and serve unique purposes. For example, there are types of beads for the ankles, necks, and waist. Meaning waist beads can not be used on ankles or wrists and vice versa.
However, this rule isn’t always followed in today’s society. For example, black beads traditionally were used for mourning and to express sadness, but now black beads are used to complement other colors and to express boldness, a love for our people for and our culture.
Here are some basic colors and their meaning as they described in "The Art of Recycled Glass Beads", an Illustrated Handbook about bead making in Ghana written Phillippe Kradolfer and Nonoma E. Djaba A.K.A Mr. Cedi.